15) We are smaller than Ikan Bilis (Anchovies)

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Ikan bilis translated from Maly literally means “fish anchovy”.  It belongs to Anchovies family, tiny shape in size but full of iron and calcium in nutrients.  It is also an essential ingredient in a local delicious dish Nasi Lemak (coconut rice).  I would have thought that Ikan bilis is the smallest fish that I have known of, but surprisingly it is not true.
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Paedocypris is claimed to be one the smallest known species fish in the world.  It measures from 7.9mm to 10.3mm.  It can be found in Southeast Asia, where it appears in Malaysia and Indonesia.
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Schindleria brevipinguis, also known as ‘stout infant fish’ is the second smallest known fish in the world.  It can grow up to 8.4mm and it can be found in Austria’s Great Barrier Reef and Osprey Reff in the Coral Sea.
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Dwarf pygmy goby (pandaka pygmaea) is one of the smallest tropical freshwater fish.  Mature mail can grow up to 11mm, and the female to 15mm.  It is known as bia and tabios in the Philippines.

11) Who named the “King of Fruits”!

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Alfred Russel Wallace (1912)

Regarded by many as the “King of Fruits”; durian, is native to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia.  British naturalist, Alfred Russel Wallace famously described its flesh as “a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds”.
During his stays in Malay Archipelago (1869) Wallace described “to eat durians is a new sensation, worth a voyage to the east to experience’.


The flesh is best when it’s ripe, though it can also be consumed at various stages of ripeness.  The unripe fruit makes good vegetables.  It is also used to flavour wide variety of Southease Asian cuisines.  The seeds can be eaten when cooked.


Durian is a spiky round or oblong husk containing pods in yellow custard-like fruit.  The trees are tall and straight.  Durians orchards are danger zones often covered with nets.  As the fruit strikes a man in its fall is strong enough to kill.
The fruit emits a pungent distinctive odour, you either like it or hate it.  It has a very unique character.  Some regard it as pleasantly fragrant; others find the aroma disagreeable.  The odour has led to the fruit’s banishment from hotels, airline cabin and public transportation. 
It is no wonder Wallace the “father of biogeography” in the letter to Sir William Jackson Hooker stated – “If I had to fix on two only as representing the perfection of two classes, I should certainly choose the Durian and the Orange as the king and queen of fruits.”
Durian flower
Durian flower (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Durian flowers are usually closed during the daytime, I believe it is because the King needs more rest than others!