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Garden city on the coins

singapore coins 011-cent coin – Singapore National Flower, Vanda Miss Joaquim, a special hybrid orchid.

By courtesy of

By courtesy of

5-cents coin – The Fruit Salad Plant (Monstera deliciosa), a dark green heavy foliage climber.

10-cents coin – The Star Jasmine (Jasminum multiflorum), a slender climber with pure star-like flower.

By courtesy of

By courtesy of

20-cents coin – The Powder-Puff Plant (Calliandra surinamensis), medium size shrub with hemispherical pink color headed flower.

By courtesy of

By courtesy of

50 cents coin – The Yellow Allamanda (Allamanda cathartica), a vine that blooms trumpet-like bright yellow flower.

 $1 coin – The Periwinkle (Lochera rosa) small shrub with single stem, produces flowers in velvety purple.

 Don’t you feel rich to have a garden city on a coin?  Perhaps, that’s my other reason for loving our local currency.



4) What so special about this Orchid?

(Vanda Miss Joaquim)

Vanda Miss Joaquim, our very own Singapore national flower.  A natural hybrid Orchid between Vanda terres and Vanda hookeriana.
It was first discovered in 1893, in the garden of Agnes Joaquim, an Armenian best known for breeding the hybrid orchid.  Agnes Joaquim’s tombstone can be found in the grounds of the Armenian Church at Hill Street, Singapore.

The flower was selected as Singapore’s national flower in 1981.
Vanda Miss Joaquim was chosen from 40 flowers, 30 Orchids out of the 40.
It stands out by its vibrant in color, hardiness as it blooms throughout the year. Thus, it reflects the spirit and quality of the Nation.

And now, Miss Joaquim is humming National Song in the sunset.


1) The Armenian Church of St Gregory the Illuminator

The sculpture reflects Jesus carrying a cross to sacrifice his life in order to protect his holy spirit.

The Armenian Church of St Gregory the Illuminator, the oldest Christian Church in Singapore. It is sited at the foot of Fort Canning Hill along Hill Street.  The founder of this Church is an Armenian community living in Singapore in the 18th Century.
A few persons in this Armenian community must be named, they are the Sarkies brothers, Archak, Aviet and Tigran who were also responsible for the founding of the Raffles Hotel, the E&O Hotel in Penang and the Strand in Yangon.  Another person is Agnes Joaquim, the horticulturist who discovered Singapore first hybrid orchid in 1893 which today is known as Vanda Miss Joaquim as Singapore National Flower.  And also, Catchik Moses, the founder of The Straits Times, Singapore’s national English newspaper started in 1845, but one year later he sold it away as the press is not profiting.

The abovementioned personalities were buried behind the Memorial Garden behind the church.  The tombstones were brought over when the Bukit Timah Christian Cemetery was exhumed in 1988 and now they are the Angels of this tranquil holy garden and holy land.

This beautiful building design by George Drumgoole Coleman, the man behind many Singapore’s historical buildings in the colonial era.  Now, the building is design by shades of memories.

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